Ancient Worlds - BBC Two
Episode 5 “The Republic of Virtue”
Byrsa was the walled citadel above the harbour in ancient Carthage. It was also the name of the hill it rested on (Byrsa Hill). The citadel dominated the city below and formed the principal military installation of Carthage.
“Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" or "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" often abbreviated to "Ceterum censeo”, “Carthago delenda est”, or “Delenda est Carthago" is a phrase which was in popular use in the Roman Republic in the 2nd Century BC during the latter years of the Punic Wars against Carthage. The senator Cato the Elder was the most persistent advocate for the total destruction of Carthage, and most famously associated with repeated use, in or out of its proper context, of the phrase Delenda est Carthago.
The scorch marks made during the Romans’ destruction of Carthage in 146BC (Third Punic War) are still visible in the ruins today. Roman Carthage was built over what was left of the annihilated city so that most of what remains today is from the later Roman period.
-Carthage- Tunis, Tunisia